Examples of Innovation in the Water Sector | US EPA (2023)

Across the country there is growing momentum to address traditional and emerging threats to the nation’s water resources through innovative technology. EPA has highlighted the following examples of how innovation is currently being deployed in the water sector, organized by the 10 market opportunities defined by EPA.

On this page:

  • Conserving and Recovering Energy

  • Conserving and Recovering Nutrients

  • Improving and Greening of the Water Infrastructure

  • Conserving and Eventually Reusing Water

  • Reducing Costs and Improving Techniques for Water Monitoring

    (Video) EPA and Partners Announce Collaborative Implementation of the National Water Reuse Action Plan

  • Improving Performance of Small Systems

  • Reducing Water Impacts from Energy Production

  • Improving Resiliency of Water Infrastructure to the Impacts of Climate Change

  • Improving Access to Safe Drinking Water and Sanitation

  • Improving Water Quality of our Oceans, Estuaries, and Watersheds

Conserving and Recovering Energy

Gresham, OR Achieves Energy Net Zero

Through the use of biogas generation and recovery, as well as ground-mounted solar arrays, the City of Gresham’s wastewater treatment plant is the first in the Pacific Northwest to generate more electricity than it consumes each year, which saves the city about $500,000 per year. More information on Gresham's Wastewater Treatment Plant.

DC Water Saves Energy

DC Water was the first plant in North America to adopt thermal hydrolysis process from the company Cambi. Using this process creates biogas and has enabled DC Water’s Blue Plains Advanced Treatment Plant to generate 10 megawatts of electricity, which is about one-third of the plant’s energy requirement. More information on a Greener Blue Plains.

Oakland, CA, Utility Goes Energy Positive

More than a decade ago, East Bay Municipal Utility District (EBMUD) in Oakland, CA, began accepting organic wastes from local food processors, food growers and livestock producers to better utilize the excess capacity in its existing anaerobic digesters. The result has been a doubling of biogas production, which allowed EBMUD’s wastewater treatment plant to become the first facility in North America to produce more renewable energy on site than is needed to run the facility. More information on recycling water and energy.

(Video) EPA announces new rules to limit toxic ‘forever chemicals’ in drinking water

Conserving and Recovering Nutrients

Madison, WI, and Boise, ID, Harvest Phosphorus

The Madison Metropolitan Sewerage District, in conjunction with Ostara Nutrient Recovery Technologies, recovers phosphorus at their Nine Springs Wastewater Treatment Plant, converting it into an environmentally friendly fertilizer, Crystal Green®. More information on Phosphorus Harvesting.

The City of Boise implemented the MultiformTM P-Recovery system at its West Boise Water Renewal Facility to manage nuisance struvite deposits and recover phosphorous. More information about Boise’s phosphorous removal process.

Using Technology to Optimize Fertilizer Application

Researchers at University of Nebraska-Lincoln are working with farmers on Project SENSE (Sensors for Efficient Nitrogen Use and Stewardship of the Environment), which uses innovative technologies to optimize nitrogen fertilizer use. As part of the project, crop canopy sensors are used to measure the real-time nitrogen status of crops. This information is then used to produce nitrogen application rate recommendations that can ultimately lead to greater crop productivity, decreased fertilizer use, and improved water quality as a result of reduced fertilizer runoff. More information about Project Sense.

Improving and Greening of the Water Infrastructure

Rainwater Harvesting at EPA

EPA’s Headquarters facility in Washington, DC recently upgraded an existing 6,000-gallon capacity rainwater harvesting system with OptiNimbus real-time controls to manage stormwater retention and use more effectively. The system allows EPA to monitor the volume of rainwater captured and used over time. More information on stormwater.

GreenPlan Bay Area

The GreenPlan Bay Area project developed a GIS-based tool and GreenPlans to help municipalities in California identify the optimal combination and location of green infrastructure/low impact development features to address water quality on a watershed scale. More information on GreenPlan Bay Area.

Greening of Our Cities

Green City, Clean Waters is the city of Philadelphia’s 25-year plan to protect and enhance its watersheds by managing stormwater with intensely implemented green infrastructure. Recently, Philadelphia celebrated an impressive landmark in the program; 1,000 acres throughout the city have been greened, and counting! More information on what Philadelphia is doing.

Save the Rain is Onondaga County’s and the city of Syracuse’s visionary stormwater management and public outreach program, featuring over 200 projects, capturing over 120 million gallons of runoff each year to protect their watershed. Every project advanced through the program has a unique Web page where the public can review the project design elements, cost, and stormwater capture objectives. More information on Save the Rain.

Reinventing Urban Water Infrastructure

ReNUWIt is a multi-institution research center that works in close partnership with utilities, water service providers, equipment manufacturers and international research partners to convert great ideas for re-inventing the nation’s urban water infrastructure into practical and sustainable solutions. More information on Reinventing the Nation's Urban Water Infrastructure.

Conserving and Eventually Reusing Water

Emory University Reclaims Wastewater

The WaterHub at Emory University is reducing its water footprint nearly 40% by reclaiming and reusing up to 146 million gallons of campus wastewater annually by using an adaptive ecological technology that naturally breaks down organic matter in wastewater for use as process (make-up) water in its steam and chiller plants. More information can be found at:

Potable Reuse

The communities of Big Spring and Wichita Falls, Texas, built the country’s first two potable reuse facilities, using multiple barrier technologies and intense monitoring. Presently, Colorado River Municipal District’s Big Spring facility provides water to five communities using direct potable reuse (DPR) processes. Wichita Falls implemented an emergency DPR system in response to severe drought in 2014. When drought conditions subsided, the DPR system was decommissioned and Wichita Falls subsequently implemented a permanent indirect potable reuse (IDR) system.

More information on these and other facilities with potable reuse capabilities can be found in EPA’s 2017 Potable Reuse Compendium.

The World’s Largest Potable Reuse System

The Groundwater Replenishment System operated by the Orange County Water District in California is the world’s largest advanced water purification system for indirect potable reuse, taking treated wastewater that is purified to produce a high-quality water. More information on Groundwater Replenishment System.

Reducing Costs and Improving Techniques for Water Monitoring

Mobile App for Water Quality Data

A mobile and web application called KCWaterBug provides live water quality data so users can make real-time informed decisions about recreation in numerous streams in the Kansas City area.

Rocky River Hydrology

Cleveland Metroparks in Ohio studied the hydrology of the Rocky River headwater streams affected by runoff by using real-time flow and water quality sensors to attain precise, short-interval hydrograph and water quality data. More information on Cleveland Metroparks.

National Great Rivers Research and Education Center

The National Great Rivers Research and Education Center (NGRREC) created a network of monitoring buoys for real-time, continuous water quality data on the Mississippi, Missouri and Illinois Rivers. The data from these buoys, along with data collected from federal, state, local and private sources is publicly available through the Great Lake to Gulf Virtual Observatory. More information on NGRREC and Virtual Observatory.

Clemson University’s Intelligent River

Clemson University’s Intelligent River Research Enterprise is a data acquisition system supported by a network of sensors on the Savannah River. The sensors were implemented with the help of NSF and provide real-time water quality and flow rate data along the entire length of the Savannah River. More information on the Enterprise.

Monitoring Lake George

The Jefferson Project is a collaborative effort between Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, IBM and the FUND for Lake George (New York) to develop a lake environmental monitoring and prediction system to provide a real-time understanding of lake health. More information on The Jefferson Project.

Monitoring the Hudson River

The Hudson River Environmental Conditions Observing System (HRECOS) is a network of real-time monitoring stations on the Hudson River Estuary. HRECOS is a collaborative effort between multiple agencies, including the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, USGS and NOAA, among others. More information on HRECOS.

The River and Estuary Observatory Network is an effort between Clarkson University’s Beacon Institute for Rivers and Estuaries and IBM to use real-time monitoring technologies to better understand the Hudson River ecosystem from the headwaters in the Adirondack Mountains to the ocean. More information on River and Estuary Observatory Network.

Third Party Technology Evaluation

The Water Environment Federation and The Water Research Foundation have established LIFT (Leaders Innovation Forum for Technology), a program designed to enable technology evaluations for municipal and industry end-users to share the cost of conducting demonstrations to accelerate adoption of new and innovative technologies. More information on LIFT.

(Video) EPA and Florida officials announce $99.7 million water infrastructure load to Miami-Dade County

Improving Performance of Small Systems

Padre Dam Municipal Water District

Padre Dam Municipal Water District’s Board of Directors recently approved the next phase of work on the East County Advanced Water Purification Program. The program will reclaim treated wastewater and use it to reduce the region’s dependence on imported water; by 2032, it is expected to provide thirty percent of Padre Dam’s current drinking water demands. More information on advanced water purification.

Algae-Based Wastewater Treatment

The Indiana Department of Natural Resources worked with Commonwealth Engineers, Inc. and One Water Group to install algae-based wastewater treatment systems at two of its state parks. Both locations use an algaewheel® system, which works similarly to a rotating biological contactor. Wastewater is conveyed to a basin containing partially submerged paddles (wheels), which are rotated via a blower. Biofilm, made of a consortium of algae and bacteria, attached to the wheels supply oxygen to the wastewater while removing nutrients. These small, decentralized systems are ideal for low flow facilities. Little land space is required and the system is capable of handling variable flows with changes in seasonal demands. More information on the Indiana facilities.

Small Systems Innovation Research

Using funding from EPA’s STAR grant program, two national research centers conduct research on innovative technologies that can be implemented in small systems. More information on the centers’ grants.

The Design of Risk-reducing, Innovative-implementable Small-system Knowledge (DeRISK) Center is led by the University of Colorado Boulder with five affiliated research organizations. DeRISK researchers are exploring topics, including: applications of photochemical processes for small systems, distribution system innovations, and extended biofiltration.

The Water Innovation Network for Sustainable Small Systems (WINSSS) is led by the University of Massachusetts Amherst with six affiliated research organizations. Some of the current research efforts at WINSS include studying the use of ferrate for disinfection, research on electrodialysis with nanofiltration, and developing a mobile application to assist small systems with asset management.

Reducing Water Impacts from Energy Production

Cleaning Hydraulic Fracturing Wastewater

Researchers at the University of Colorado Boulder have developed a method using microbes to clean both organic contaminants and salts from hydraulic fracturing wastewater, while producing renewable energy. More information on the University of Colorado Boulder project.

Use of Reclaimed Water as Makeup for Cooling Towers

The Public Service Enterprise Group’s Linden, NJ, Generating Station does not currently employ a cooling water intake structure. Instead, the Linden Generating Station uses reclaimed wastewater from the nearby Linden Roselle Sewerage Authority (LRSA) for all its cooling water needs. After being used for cooling, any remaining water (e.g., cooling tower blowdown) is pumped back to LRSA for treatment again. More information on Public Service Enterprise Group.

Improving Resiliency of Water Infrastructure to the Impacts of Climate Change

Adapting to Climate Change and Water Reuse

Due to damage from Hurricane Ivan in 2004, Florida’s Emerald Coast Utilities Authority had to relocate it’s Main Street Wastewater Treatment Plant away from the coastal plain and rebuilt. The new Central Water Reclamation Facility has treatment technology that enables the reuse of 100 percent of the nearly 22.5 million gallons per day (average flow) treated at the facility. Additionally, the new plant was built to withstand Category Five hurricanes and now stands 50 feet above sea level, thereby increasing resilience to sea level rise and flood risk. More information on Emerald Coast Utilities.

Improving Access to Safe Drinking Water and Sanitation

Improving Onsite Systems

The Massachusetts Alternative Septic System Test Center (MASSTC) aids in the development, testing, and piloting of new and innovative onsite technologies. More information on MASSTC. Currently, MASSTC is working with EPA, USGS and other partners to screen technologies as part of the Advanced Septic System Nitrogen Sensor Challenge, which was launched in January 2017 to challenge innovators to design a nitrogen sensor for use in advanced onsite wastewater treatment systems. EPA News Release on Technology Challenge.

Reinventing the Toilet

The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation challenged universities to design toilets that capture and process human waste without piped water, sewer or electrical connections, while capturing useful resources. Since 2011, the Foundation has awarded 16 grants to research organizations through the challenge and continues to strive to spur change to improve worldwide drinking water while reducing sanitation-related problems. More information on water, sanitation and hygiene.

Improving Water Quality of Our Oceans, Estuaries, and Watersheds

Protecting Lake Tahoe

The Lake Clarity Crediting Program uses a suite of stormwater tools and protocols to target ongoing effective actions to reduce urban stormwater fine sediment and nutrient pollutants to Lake Tahoe. More information on Lake Tahoe.

Using Roleplaying to Manage Watersheds

The University of Virginia (UVA) Bay Game is a computerized simulation based on the Chesapeake Bay watershed. The simulation allows players to take the roles of stakeholders, such as farmers, developers, watermen and local policy-makers, and make decisions about their watershed.


Examples of Innovation in the Water Sector | US EPA? ›

LifeStraw. Lifestraw aims to make access to clean drinking water quick and convenient. This small and inexpensive microfiltration device removes a whopping 99.9% of waterborne bacteria.

What is the new technology to provide clean water? ›

LifeStraw. Lifestraw aims to make access to clean drinking water quick and convenient. This small and inexpensive microfiltration device removes a whopping 99.9% of waterborne bacteria.

What technology is used to prevent water pollution? ›

Precision irrigation, for example, not only saves water but also uses lower doses of fungicides, herbicides and pesticides – which in turn reduces water pollution. New sensor-based Internet of Things technology, for example, can determine exactly when water is needed and in what quantity.

How can we improve water system? ›

Implement rainwater harvesting systems to collect and store rainwater for drinking or recharging underground aquifers. Build wells to extract groundwater from underground aquifers. Provide home water-treatment capability through the use of filters, solar disinfection, or flocculants, to make drinking water safe.

What are some innovations that are currently used with water? ›

Examples of Innovation in the Water Sector
  • Conserving and Recovering Energy.
  • Conserving and Recovering Nutrients.
  • Improving and Greening of the Water Infrastructure.
  • Conserving and Eventually Reusing Water.
  • Reducing Costs and Improving Techniques for Water Monitoring.
  • Improving Performance of Small Systems.

What are some good innovation ideas? ›

  • Cloud Computing. The modern cloud of 2022 supports development, new applications, and provides robust infrastructure. ...
  • Immersive Experiences. ...
  • Blockchain Technology. ...
  • 5G. ...
  • Conversational Intelligence.
Feb 21, 2022

What is water innovation? ›

Innovation - applying new tools and approaches to help solve challenges in water quality, quantity, reliability, and affordability - results in economic and environmental wins.

What are smart water technologies? ›

Smart water refers to a movement in the water industry involving emerging technology that includes hardware, software, and analytics to help water water and wastewater utilities target solve problems through automation, data gathering and data analysis.

What are the best advance technologies to purify water Why? ›

Ultrafiltration is an excellent technology for ensuring consistent ultrapure water quality with respect to particles, bacteria and pyrogens. Ultraviolet (UV) light is widely used in water purification systems to photo-oxidize organic compounds for subsequent removal by ion exchange.

What is the new eco friendly technology used for water treatment? ›

3. Ultraviolet Water Purification. Ultraviolet water purifiers are one of the most eco-friendly systems available. They don't produce waste water or use chemicals that harm the environment.

What are 5 ways to stop water pollution? ›

Ways to Prevent Water Pollution
  • Pick up litter and throw it away in a garbage can.
  • Blow or sweep fertilizer back onto the grass if it gets onto paved areas. ...
  • Mulch or compost grass or yard waste. ...
  • Wash your car or outdoor equipment where it can flow to a gravel or grassy area instead of a street.
Jan 18, 2023

What are three technologies or products that can be used to reduce water usage? ›

Shower Regulators. Faucet Aerators. Toilet Tank Fill Cycle Diverters. Outdoor Irrigation Controls and Rain Sensors.

What are 5 actions we can do to improve water quality? ›

Simple Things You Can Do To Improve Water Quality in Your Home
  1. Flushing. Run cold water taps for two minutes before using water for drinking and cooking. ...
  2. Cold Water Use. Do not use hot tap water for drinking and cooking. ...
  3. Water Filters. Routinely replace filter cartridges. ...
  4. Household Plumbing. ...
  5. Faucet Aerators. ...
  6. Water Heaters.

What is the most important water technology? ›

Reverse osmosis (RO), ultrafiltration (UF), microfiltration (MF) and nanofiltration (NF) are the most commonly used membranes for water treatment processes. Previously applied to the production of water for industrial or pharmaceutical applications, membranes are being applied to the treatment of drinking water.

What is the best solution to restore water quality? ›

Here's a list of water pollution solutions:
  • Wastewater treatment. Wastewater treatment consists of removing pollutants from wastewater through a physical, chemical or biological process. ...
  • Green agriculture. ...
  • Stormwater management. ...
  • Air pollution prevention. ...
  • Plastic waste reduction. ...
  • Water conservation.

What is innovation in simple words? ›

Simply put, innovation is about successfully implementing a new idea and creating value for your customers and stakeholders. Innovation starts with a new idea. It could be a plan for an improved product or service; it could be an updated method for running your operations; it could also be a new business model.

What are the 4 types of innovation with examples? ›

The four types of innovation
  • Sustaining, or incremental innovation.
  • Breakthrough innovation.
  • Disruptive innovation.
  • Basic research.
Nov 7, 2022

What are the 3 innovative ideas? ›

Often, innovating involves approaching an existing idea or product from a new perspective with the goal of improving it. Although experts hardly agree on a definitive set of innovation types, there are generally three categories: product, process, and business model innovation.

What are two innovation examples? ›

Examples of product innovations:

Lego has been changing the materials of its famous bricks to biodegradable oil-based plastics. The first electric vehicles introduced in the car's market were also an innovation, and new batteries with longer ranges that keep coming out are also an example of innovation.

What is water innovation challenge? ›

AIM-ICDK Water Innovation Challenge

The program helped innovators to build their skills and apply their technical disciplines, innovation capacity, and solutions to challenge and catalyze water solutions towards smart livable cities.

What is an example of improved water? ›

Improved water sources include household connections, public standpipes, boreholes, protected dug wells, protected springs and rainwater collection.

What are water development projects? ›

Water development project means the construction, acquisition, ownership, replacement, operation, and maintenance of facilities, including land, easements, and works of improvement, for the protection, conservation, preservation, development, utilization, and proper disposal of the state's water resources and related ...

What are the list of water technologies? ›

Top 7 Methods of Water Treatment
  • Coagulation / Flocculation. Coagulation is adding liquid aluminum sulfate or alum and/or polymer to raw or untreated water. ...
  • Sedimentation. When water and flocs undergo the treatment process, they go into sedimentation basins. ...
  • Filtration. ...
  • Disinfection. ...
  • Sludge Drying. ...
  • Fluoridation. ...
  • pH Correction.
Nov 7, 2015

What is an example of smart water management? ›

Monitoring water consumption in houses, checking water levels, checking the quality of drinking water, detecting chemical leakages in rivers around plants, tracking pressure variations along pipes or checking water quality in aquariums are a few examples of the many useful applications.

Are there two kinds of smart water? ›

Antioxidant Smart Water is distilled the same way as regular Smart Water. The difference- it has added selenium which is an antioxidant that helps the immune system while lowering inflammation.

What is the most advanced water treatment plant in the world? ›

Blue Plains Advanced Wastewater Treatment Plant, located at 5000 Overlook Ave SW, Washington, DC 20032, is the largest advanced wastewater treatment plant in the world.

What is the most sustainable water system? ›

Rainwater Harvesting

Collecting water from precipitation is one of the most sustainable sources of water supply since it has inherent barriers to the risk of over-exploitation found in surface and groundwater sources, and directly providesdrinking water quality.

What are the 4 water treatment systems? ›

Public water systems often use a series of water treatment steps that include coagulation, flocculation, sedimentation, filtration, and disinfection.

What are 10 ways to reduce pollution? ›

What you can do about air pollution
  • Drive your car less. ...
  • Keep your car in good repair. ...
  • Turn off your engine. ...
  • Don't burn your garbage. ...
  • Limit backyards fire in the city. ...
  • Plant and care for trees. ...
  • Switch to electric or hand-powered lawn equipment. ...
  • Use less energy.

What are 8 ways to reduce pollution? ›

On Days when High Particle Levels are Expected, Take these Extra Steps to Reduce Pollution:
  • Reduce the number of trips you take in your car.
  • Reduce or eliminate fireplace and wood stove use.
  • Avoid burning leaves, trash, and other materials.
  • Avoid using gas-powered lawn and garden equipment.
Jan 18, 2023

What are 5 ways that water is used in the industry? ›

According to the United States Geological Survey (USGS), industrial water is used for fabricating, processing, washing, diluting, cooling, or transporting a product. Water is also used by smelting facilities, petroleum refineries, and industries producing chemical products, food, and paper products.

What are 3 reasons that we should try to reduce our water usage? ›

Using water-saving techniques can save you money and diverts less water from our rivers, bays, and estuaries, which helps keep the environment healthy. It can also reduce water and wastewater treatment costs and the amount of energy used to treat, pump, and heat water.

What are 2 strategies that can be used to reduce water use in commercial buildings? ›

Install WaterSense labeled showerheads, toilets, and flushing urinals where appropriate. percent more water-efficient and perform as well or better than standard models. Check automatic sensors on faucets, toilets, and urinals to ensure they are operating properly and avoid unnecessary water use.

What are 10 ways to reduce water? ›

Top ten water-saving tips
  • Switch to showers. ...
  • Keep the sprinklers off. ...
  • Turn off the tap. ...
  • Fill up the washing up bowl. ...
  • Make sure your dishwasher is full! ...
  • Use leftover cooking water. ...
  • Fixing leaky taps is an easy fix for reducing your water footprint. ...
  • Fit low flow aerators on you taps and showers.

What are two ways we can improve our water quality? ›

Implement rainwater harvesting systems to collect and store rainwater for drinking or recharging underground aquifers. Build wells to extract groundwater from underground aquifers. Provide home water-treatment capability through the use of filters, solar disinfection, or flocculants, to make drinking water safe.

How can we improve water quality by the year 2030? ›

By 2030, improve water quality by reducing pollution, eliminating dumping and minimizing release of hazardous chemicals and materials, halving the proportion of untreated wastewater and substantially increasing recycling and safe reuse globally.

What are the top three industries that use water? ›

World Water Day – Which industries consume the most water and why should we care?
  • Agriculture.
  • Fashion industry.
  • Energy industry.
  • Meat industry.
  • Beverage industry.
  • Construction, mining, and car industries.
Mar 22, 2021

What are the 3 most important uses of water? ›

The bulk of the world's water use is for agriculture, industry, and electricity.

What has the biggest impact on water quality? ›

  • Global warming.
  • Deforestation.
  • Industry, agriculture and livestock farming.
  • Rubbish and faecal water dumping.
  • Maritime traffic.
  • Fuel spillages.

How can we solve water supply problems? ›

Solutions to addressing water shortages include dams and reservoirs, rainwater harvesting, aqueducts, desalination, water reuse, and water conservation.

What is a new innovation in dealing with wastewater treatment? ›

Microbial fuel cell technology employs microbes to treat wastewater and is another technology that can do three tasks at once: wastewater treatment, clean power generation and energy storage.

How can we make water management more sustainable? ›

10 Ways to Conserve Water for a Sustainable Living
  1. Turn off the tap when it's not in use. ...
  2. Soak your dishes in warm water first. ...
  3. Run your dishwasher and laundry only when its full. ...
  4. Cut those long showers short. ...
  5. Use energy-efficient, water-saving devices. ...
  6. Use a water softener to tackle hard water problems. ...
  7. Fix plumbing leaks.

What are some ideas on water conservation? ›

Tips for Conserving Water
  • Never use your toilet as a waste basket.
  • Do not let the water run while shaving or brushing teeth.
  • Take short showers instead of tub baths. ...
  • If you must use a tub, close the drain before turning on the water and fill the tub only half full.
Feb 12, 2020

What are smart technologies in water industry? ›

Smart water refers to a movement in the water industry involving emerging technology that includes hardware, software, and analytics to help water water and wastewater utilities target solve problems through automation, data gathering and data analysis.

What is an example of sustainable water management? ›

Water systems in the realm of sustainable development may not literally include the use of water, but include systems where the use of water has traditionally been required. Examples include waterless toilets and waterless car washes, whose use helps to alleviate water stress and secure a sustainable water supply.

What new innovative technology has helped waste management? ›

This is why it is important to look at all the possible emerging technologies that can help businesses perform better waste management.
  • Pneumatic waste tubes. ...
  • E-waste kiosks. ...
  • AI-based waste collector. ...
  • Smart waste bins. ...
  • Garbage compactors. ...
  • Plasma gasification. ...
  • Automated recycling centers. ...
  • Garbage truck enhancements.
Feb 10, 2023

What are the 5 methods of water conservation? ›

Water conservation can go a long way to help alleviate these impending shortages.
  • Check your toilet for leaks. ...
  • Stop using your toilet as an ashtray or wastebasket. ...
  • Put a plastic bottle in your toilet tank. ...
  • Take shorter showers. ...
  • Install water-saving shower heads or flow restrictors. ...
  • Take baths.

What are 10 ways to conserve water? ›

Top ten water-saving tips
  • Switch to showers. ...
  • Keep the sprinklers off. ...
  • Turn off the tap. ...
  • Fill up the washing up bowl. ...
  • Make sure your dishwasher is full! ...
  • Use leftover cooking water. ...
  • Fixing leaky taps is an easy fix for reducing your water footprint. ...
  • Fit low flow aerators on you taps and showers.

What are the 3 goals of water conservation? ›

The goals of water conservation efforts include- ensuring availability of water, energy conservation, habitat conservation.

What are 3 ways that communities can conserve water? ›

Install high-efficiency toilets, or retrofit water-saving devices on existing ones. Install faucet aerators and low flow shower heads in municipal buildings. As municipal appliances or equipment wear out, replace them with water-saving models. cooling tower or replacing with air-cooled equipment.


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